Some may shy away from the orchid because there is the misconception that the orchid is a difficult plant to grow. The fact is, most people can follow the basic instructions of orchid plant care. In the home or outdoors, an orchid needs light, as do any flowering plant. Orchids will appreciate consistent temperatures. To raise a healthy blooming orchid, the humidity should be monitored as well. Just as we need adequate water and sufficient food, so will the orchid.
In the home an orchid does best in an east or west window, but never a north window because of the lack of light. A southern exposed window will work for an orchid if the light is diffused.
Temperatures in the home about 75 degrees during the day and between 55-60 degrees during the night will give an orchid an optimal environment. An orchid can tolerate some variations of temperature changes that are due to seasonal changes. In the home, changing of location in the home can control the seasonal changes.
An orchid doesn’t need high humidity in the entire home. Since the orchid likes humidity, an area around the orchid should provide the humidity it needs. This can be created through plant grouping and setting the plant on a tray of stones and water so it sits above the water level.
The orchid will require adequate water. It can be done by taking an orchid in its pot to the sink or outdoors to water. The frequency of watering an orchid plant will depend on factors such as root condition, foliage age, and stage in flowering. The plant should be watered thoroughly allowing the water to drain out of the bottom, before returning it to location in the home.
A consistent schedule for fertilizing is optimal for an orchid. Using a diluted solution of fertilizer more often is better for this plant than full strength fertilizing less often. During the winter, to allow the plant to rest, fertilizing should be decreased. With fertilizer, its better for your orchid if you err on the side of too little, instead of too much.
Since orchids are more difficult to grow outdoors in climates with extreme changes in temperatures, pots of orchids in the garden often are preferred. A lightweight pot can be brought indoors when outdoor seasonal changes are too cold or too hot for the orchid to survive.